Here are some specific questions you may want to think about as you peruse the Children in the Holocaust exhibit:

  • What must have been incredibly painful about the decision of Jewish parents to send their children on the kindertransport?

  • Were German children who joined the Hitler Youth perpetrators or victims?

  • What questions does this raise for you about the Holocaust?

60 MINUTES: NICHOLAS WINTON

ARTIFACT 1

Video Length: 15:14

Learn about the incredible story of Nicholas Winton and the kindertransport.

Guiding Questions:

  • What was the kindertransport?

  • What role did Nicholas Winton play in the kindertransport?

  • What does this source teach us about children in the Holocaust?

CONFESSIONS OF A HITLER YOUTH

ARTIFACT 2

Video Length: 30:22

Watch Alfons Heck, a former Hitler Youth member, describe the organization, the use of Nazi propaganda, and the choices made by German children.

Guiding Questions:

  • What was the Hitler Youth?

  • How did Alfons Heck's view of the Hitler Youth change over time?

  • What does this source teach us about German children during the Holocaust and World War II?

LAW ON THE HITLER YOUTH

ARTIFACT 3

December 1, 1936

The future of the German Nation depends upon its youth, and German youth shall have to be prepared for its future duties...

Guiding Questions:

  • What does this source teach us about the Hitler Youth?

  • What does this source tell us about how the Nazi government viewed the Hitler Youth and its importance?

YOUNG GIRLS POST A NOTICE ADVERTISING THE LEAGUE OF GERMAN GIRLS

ARTIFACT 4

1934

The League of German Girls [Bund Deutscher Mädel or BDM] was founded in 1930 as a National Socialist association for girls and was affiliated with the Hitler Youth... 

Guiding Questions:

  • What do you see in the image?

  • What was the BDM?

  • How did the Nazi government view the BDM and its role with in Nazi society?

MEMBERS OF HITLER YOUTH INSTRUCTED IN USE OF CARBINES

ARTIFACT 5

1938

After Hitler took office and the Nazi dictatorship began to develop, Nazi youth education was given the highest priority...

Guiding Questions:

  • What do you see in the photography?

  • What does it tell you about German youth under the Nazi government?

  • Why did the Nazis view the Hitler Youth as an important organization

ADDITIONAL READING

HISTORY CHANNEL'S "HOW THE HITLER YOUTH TURNED A GENERATION OF KIDS INTO NAZIS"